The title of one of my favorite movies, Back to the Future, seems apropos when compared to today’s individual health insurance market. With the Affordable Care Act (ACA) being anything but affordable, many consumers are looking for alternative options to cover themselves and their families. Monthly ACA insurance premiums can cost more than an average mortgage payment so other options have to rise up from the grave to give consumers access to “affordable” health insurance.
Before ACA, we had medical underwriting, we had prescreens, we had limited coverage for maternity, and we had waiting periods on pre-ex. These are many of the reasons the ACA was created—to eliminate screening questions that were seen as unfair to a consumer with medical conditions. Granted, pre-ACA coverage was not the best either, but it was a fraction of the cost of current ACA coverage. Pre-ACA, networks were also much more extensive, with the majority of options today consisting of very limited HMO or EPO choices.
On April 2, 2018, the great state of Iowa made national news in their attempt to create Individual association-style plan offerings. The Iowa Farm Bureau is looking to recreate coverage options that consumers had before the ACA. However, according to a recent Washington Post article, such plans “sponsored by a nonprofit agricultural organization…shall be deemed not to be insurance.” Rates and coverage options have not yet been approved, but it is difficult to believe that there will not be some limitations that will make these plans available only to those on the healthier end of the spectrum.
The Back to the Future opportunity is twofold. On one hand, short-term plans are beginning to resemble pre-ACA coverage. If the laws change and allow short-term back to a nearly annual, renewable contract, this market will explode for the young, invincible, and healthy population.
However, there are tradeoffs with coverage options. Most short-term plans have PPO networks, which are significantly larger than what can be found with ACA plans. On the flip side, the coverage on the short-term plans is not as extensive as one might find in the ACA. Benefits are not as rich from a copay or medication standpoint and short-term plans do not usually cover maternity, which can be an issue for younger families. Anyone with medical conditions or significant health care needs may not qualify for short-term plan offerings, while ACA plans are guarantee issue.
Let’s look at a couple illustrations that show sample price comparisons for 21, 43, and 64-year-old non-smokers with short-term versus ACA options, using Franklin County (Columbus, OH) as the test case. These are the lowest prices available in which the out-of-pocket costs are closely aligned.
|21||$ 84.73||$ 355.47|
|43||$ 106.16||$ 482.38|
|64||$ 284.53||$ 1,066.41|
|*$2500 Deductible, 20% Co-Insurance, $7500 MOOP|
|**$2400 Deductible, 20% Co-Insurance, $7350 MOOP|
A 21-year-old “invincible” can purchase a middle-of-the-road short-term plan for less than their monthly cell phone bill. A similar plan offering in the ACA would compare more closely to their monthly rent or car payment. The ACA plans are averaging four times more costly than short-term coverage options in nearly all age ranges. When you annualize the premium savings for a 64-year-old consumer, you see savings of over $9,000. For those on a fixed or limited income, this is necessary money in their pocket.
When looking at sample family rates of 35, 33, 6, and 4 year olds, the price difference is even more dramatic. ACA rates, without a subsidy, are approaching, and possibly even exceeding, what a family of four would pay for their monthly mortgage and escrow payment. The rate is almost five times more expensive for ACA versus short term.
|35, 33, 6, 4||$ 333.00||$ 1,592.04|
|*$4000 Family Deductible, 20% Co-Insurance, $12,000 Family MOOP|
|**$4000 Family Deductible, 20% Co-Insurance, $14,700 Family MOOP|
With all things being equal, it is difficult to pass up the significant monthly savings of $1,259 dollars for the family of four. Annualized savings amount to more than $15,000.
With short-term medical and association-style options potentially becoming en vogue again, one has to wonder what will become of the ACA. With many national carriers having exited the Marketplace in a majority of states, and many states with only one or two carrier options, it appears the death spiral for ACA is in full effect. Limited competition creates higher rates; higher rates drive the healthy population into alternative options. When the healthy leave the Marketplace, all that remains are those with medical conditions or those who are receiving a substantial subsidy that offsets the majority of their ACA premium.
Consumers will make health care decisions based on how it impacts them the most: their pocket book. If they can qualify medically and achieve premium savings like what is outlined in the above illustrations, more and more will flock to short-term or association-style options, like those being proposed in Iowa and potentially other states in the near future.
Like the late, great Yankee’s catcher Yogi Berra once said, “It’s like deja vu all over again.”
Questions about short-term plans? Contact your Cornerstone representative today to learn more.